Pomeranians: Everything You Need To Know

Pomeranians, also known as Pom or “pom-poms”, are a popular breed of toy dog that originated in the Pomerania region of Central Europe. These small, fluffy dogs are beloved for their playful personalities, compact size, and adorable appearance. In this article, we will dive into everything you need to know about Pomeranians, including their history, physical characteristics, temperament, care and grooming, training, and health issues. Whether you’re considering adding a Pomeranian to your family or already have one, this guide will provide valuable information and tips to help you better understand and care for your furry companion. 

Pomeranians: Everything You Need To KnowPomeranians

Pomeranians, also known as “Poms,” are a small breed of dog that originated in the region of Pomerania, which is now part of northern Poland and Germany. They are known for their fluffy double coat and bright, lively personalities. Pomeranians are considered a toy breed and are popular as companion dogs due to their small size and affectionate nature.


Pomeranians typically stand between 6 to 7 inches tall at the shoulder, with some reaching up to 11 inches.


The average weight of a Pomeranian is between 3 to 7 pounds, with some individuals weighing up to 10 pounds.


Pomeranians have a lifespan of 12 to 16 years, with some living even longer if they are well cared for.


Pomeranians come in a variety of colors, including black, brown, white, orange, and cream. They may also have markings in different combinations, such as parti-color (a base color with patches of a different color) or merle (blotchy patches of different colors).


Pomeranians are known for their friendly and outgoing personalities. They are affectionate and make excellent companion dogs, but they can also be alert and make good watchdogs. Pomeranians are known to be energetic and may tend to bark, so proper training and socialization are important to help prevent excessive barking.


Pomeranians have a long, thick double coat that requires regular grooming to keep it in good condition. They shed heavily, especially during shedding season, and daily brushing is recommended to remove loose hair and prevent mats from forming. Pomeranians may also need trimming around the ears, feet, and hind end.


Despite their small size, Pomeranians still need regular exercise to stay healthy and maintain a healthy weight. Daily walks and some playtime should be enough to keep them happy and active.


Pomeranians are intelligent dogs and can be trained with consistency and positive reinforcement. They may have a stubborn streak at times, but they respond well to patient and consistent training methods. Socialization is also important to help prevent any potential behavior issues.

History of Pomeranians

Pomeranians are a small breed of dog that originated in the Pomerania region of Germany in the early 19th century. They are descended from larger Spitz-type dogs, and were originally bred as working dogs, herding sheep and pulling sleds. However, the breed’s popularity increased when Queen Victoria of England became enamored with the breed in the 19th century and began breeding them as lap dogs, leading to their nickname “the royal lap dog.”

In the late 19th and early 20th century, Pomeranians gained popularity in other parts of Europe and the United States. They were recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1900, and by the 1920s Pomeranians were one of the most popular dog breeds in America.

During World War II, Pomeranian numbers declined as many were destroyed or abandoned in war-torn Europe. However, they regained popularity in the post-war era and have remained a popular breed ever since.

Today, Pomeranians are primarily kept as companion animals and are known for their small size, fluffy coat, and friendly personality. They are also used in therapy and as service dogs due to their intelligence and trainability. While they have strayed from their working dog origins, Pomeranians continue to bring joy and companionship to their owners all over the world.

What Makes Poms Unique?

Pomeranians, or “Poms” as they are affectionately known, are unique dogs for some reason. They have a very distinct appearance, with a fox-like face, upright ears, and a thick, fluffy coat. They also have very high energy levels and love to play. Additionally, Poms are known for their friendly, outgoing, and curious personalities. They love to be around people and enjoy being the center of attention. Another unique feature of Pomeranians is their longevity. These dogs often live up to 15 years or more, making them a long-term commitment for any owner.

SEE ALSO: Tibetan Mastiff: World Most Expensive Dog

Pomeranian Mixes

  1. Pomapoo: Pomeranian x Poodle
  2. Pomeranian Husky: Pomeranian x Siberian Husky
  3. Chiranian: Pomeranian x Chihuahua
  4. Pekapom: Pomeranian x Pekingese
  5. Pomchi: Pomeranian x Chihuahua
  6. Dameranian: Pomeranian x Dachshund
  7. Pomsky: Pomeranian x Siberian Husky
  8. Yorkie Pom: Pomeranian x Yorkshire Terrier
  9. Pomston: Pomeranian x Boston Terrier
  10. Pomimo: Pomeranian x American Eskimo
  11. Pomklee: Pomeranian x Alaskan Klee Kai
  12. Pomeagle: Pomeranian x Beagle
  13. Pom-Shi: Pomeranian x Shih Tzu
  14. Poshie: Pomeranian x Shetland Sheepdog
  15. Chomeranian: Pomeranian x Chinese Crested.
  16. Maltipom: Pomeranian x Maltese.
  17. Pomapug: Pomeranian x Pug.
  18. Papipom: Pomeranian x Papillon.
  19. Bichonaranian: Pomeranian x Bichon Frise.
  20. Corgipom: Pomeranian x Welsh Corgi.

Characteristics of Pomeranians


Portrait of cute pomeranian dog at the park

  1. Small size: Pomeranians are a toy breed, so they are naturally small in size. They typically weigh between 3-7 pounds and stand about 6-7 inches tall.
  2. Double coat: Pomeranians have a thick, fluffy double coat that comes in a variety of colors including red, orange, cream, black, blue, brown, and white.
  3. Intelligent: Pomeranians are highly intelligent and eager to please, which makes them easy to train. They excel in obedience and agility competitions.
  4. Playful and energetic: Despite their small size, Pomeranians are full of energy and love to play. They enjoy games of fetch and chasing toys, making them great companions for active owners.
  5. Affectionate: Pomeranians are known for their loving and affectionate nature. They make great lap dogs and are always eager to curl up with their owners for some cuddle time.
  6. Alert and vocal: Pomeranians are known for their big, bold barks and will often alert their owners to any potential danger or strangers. They can be quite vocal, and it’s important to train them to control their barking at a young age.
  7. Good with children: Pomeranians can make excellent family pets, as they are generally good with children. However, due to their small size, they may not be the best choice for families with young children who may accidentally harm them.
  8. Low-maintenance grooming: While Pomeranians have a thick coats, they are surprisingly low-maintenance when it comes to grooming. They only need to be brushed a few times a week and generally only require baths when they get dirty.
  9. Health concerns: Pomeranians are generally a healthy breed, but they are prone to certain health issues such as luxating patellas, dental problems, and eye problems. It’s important to stay on top of their health and provide them with regular check-ups.
  10. Long lifespan: With proper care, Pomeranians can live for 12-16 years, making them a long-term companion for their owners.

Appearance of Pomeranians

Pomeranians are small dogs with a very distinctive appearance. They typically weigh between 3 and 7 pounds and stand between 6 and 11 inches tall at the shoulder. They have a thick, fluffy coat that comes in a variety of colors, including black, blue, brown, orange, red, sable, and white. Pomeranians have a fox-like face with dark, almond-shaped eyes and upright ears. Their tail is often curled over their back. Overall, Pomeranians are very cute and endearing dogs with a lively personality. They are also surprisingly strong for their small size.

Temperament of Pomeranians

Pomeranians are known for being very lively and outgoing dogs. They are affectionate and enjoy spending time with their owners. They are also intelligent and easy to train. However, they can also be quite stubborn and opinionated. They are known for being vocal and will often bark at strangers or other animals. Pomeranians are also very protective of their owners and will bark to alert them of any perceived threats. With proper training and socialization, Pomeranians can make great family pets. However, they are not recommended for families with very young children as they may become too excitable around small children.

Pomeranian Personality Traits

There are a number of personality traits that are typical of Pomeranians. These dogs are known for being smart, affectionate, playful, and stubborn. They are also known for being bossy, independent, curious, and vocal. Pomeranians are very loyal to their owners and enjoy spending time with them. They can be a bit suspicious of strangers, but with proper socialization, they can learn to be friendly and accepting of new people. Overall, Pomeranians are intelligent, entertaining, and devoted dogs. They make great companions for people who can provide them with the exercise, attention, and training they need.

Cost of PomeraniansPOM 2

The cost of Pomeranians tends to vary as per different factors and variables, including breed lines, food, training, grooming, and vet costs. It’d be best to consult the breeder beforehand for a more reliable estimate. On average, the cost of adopting a Pomeranian ranges between $500-$1,500, depending on age and pedigree. However, show-quality or championship potential Pom pups may cost up to $6,000.

Food costs depend on the type and quality of food you provide to your Pom. On average you can allocate around $20-$30 per month for high-quality dry food. Remember that like any other canine, Poms also love eating. So, always monitor their food consumption to avoid overeating, leading to obesity.

Costs for training Pomeranians will mainly depend on whether you’d like to enroll them in obedience schools or do the training by yourself at home. Training schools charge up to $50 per hour in big cities.

Grooming Pomeranians will typically fluctuate based on the type of services you prefer. On average grooming costs are $30-$40 per session, and that means that you’ll need to budget $120-$240 per year.

Health Conditions of Pomeranians

Pomeranians are generally a healthy breed, but like all dogs, they are prone to certain health conditions. Some of the most common health issues seen in Pomeranians include:

  1. Dental Problems: Due to their small size and compacted jaws, Pomeranians are prone to dental problems such as overcrowding, misalignment, and buildup of plaque and tartar. This can lead to tooth decay, gum disease, and other oral health issues.
  2. Luxating Patella: A luxating patella is a condition where the kneecap moves out of its normal position, causing the leg to become temporarily paralyzed. This can be a hereditary condition in Pomeranians and can also be exacerbated by obesity.
  3. Tracheal Collapse: Pomeranians have small, delicate tracheas that are susceptible to collapsing under stress or strain. This can be a hereditary condition or can also be caused by excessive pulling on a leash or obesity.
  4. Hip Dysplasia: Hip dysplasia is a common condition in many dog breeds, including Pomeranians. It occurs when the hip joint does not develop properly, causing pain and difficulty with movement. It can be hereditary or can be caused by environmental factors such as poor nutrition.
  5. Eye Problems: Pomeranians are prone to several eye conditions, including cataracts, dry eye, and progressive retinal atrophy. Proper care and regular visits to the veterinarian can help prevent and treat these issues.
  6. Allergies: Pomeranians can be prone to allergies, which can manifest in various ways including skin irritation, itching, and respiratory issues. Allergies can be caused by food, environmental factors, or genetics.
  7. Hypothyroidism: Hypothyroidism, a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones, can be seen in Pomeranians. Symptoms include weight gain, lethargy, and low energy levels.

How to Care for Pomeranians

  • Grooming: Pomeranians have a thick double coat that sheds heavily, so regular grooming is a must. Brush their coat at least 3-4 times a week to remove loose fur, prevent matting, and distribute natural oils for a healthy coat. Professional grooming is recommended every 6-8 weeks to trim their coat and maintain their appearance.
  • Bathing: Pomeranians only need to be bathed once every 1-2 months, as frequent bathing can strip their skin of natural oils and cause dryness. Use a mild dog shampoo and make sure to rinse thoroughly to prevent any skin irritation. After bathing, dry their coat completely to avoid any skin issues.
  • Dental care: Pomeranians are prone to dental problems, so it’s important to brush their teeth regularly to prevent tartar buildup and gum disease. You can use a small dog toothbrush and toothpaste specially formulated for dogs. You can also provide dental chews or toys to help keep their teeth clean.
  • Nail care: Trim your Pomeranian’s nails every 2-3 weeks to avoid overgrowth, discomfort, and potential injury. If you are not confident in trimming their nails, take them to a professional groomer or veterinarian.
  • Exercise: Despite their small size, Pomeranians have high energy levels and need regular exercise to stay healthy. A daily walk and playtime in a fenced yard or indoors is enough to keep them active. They also enjoy playing fetch and learning new tricks, which can be great mental stimulation for them.
  • Training: Pomeranians are intelligent and eager to please, making them easy to train. Start training and socialization from a young age to help them become well-behaved, confident, and friendly adults. Use positive reinforcement techniques such as treats, praise, and play to encourage good behavior.
  • Health care: Like all dogs, Pomeranians require regular check-ups and vaccinations from a veterinarian. They are prone to certain health issues, such as hip dysplasia, dental problems, and patellar luxation, so it’s important to stay on top of their health and address any concerns immediately.
  • Nutrition: Pomeranians have small stomachs, so it’s essential to feed them a high-quality, nutrient-rich diet that is appropriate for their size and age. Talk to your veterinarian about the best food for your Pomeranian and follow the recommended serving sizes.
  • Mental stimulation: Pomeranians are intelligent and curious dogs, so it’s important to keep their minds stimulated. Provide them with toys and activities that challenge them, such as puzzle toys, interactive games, and training exercises.
  • Love and attention: Pomeranians thrive on love and attention from their owners. Make sure to spend quality time with your dog, cuddle, and play with them regularly to keep them happy and well-adjusted. They make great lap dogs and love nothing more than being by their owner’s side.

SEE ALSO: Golden Retriever Husky Mix


Q. Are Pomeranians good for beginners?

A. Pomeranians are not typically recommended for first-time dog owners. While they are affectionate and loyal dogs, they can also be stubborn and demanding. They require a lot of attention and exercise, and they can be difficult to train.

Q. What do Pomeranians love the most?

A. Pomeranians love a lot of things, but there are a few things they love the most. First and foremost, Pomeranians love their owners. They are very loyal and affectionate dogs, and they crave attention and love from their human companions. Pomeranians also love to play. They are very active and energetic dogs, and they need plenty of exercise and stimulation. Pomeranians also love to be warm and cozy. They love to snuggle up on the couch or in a cozy bed.

Q. What do Pomeranians need to survive?

A. Pomeranians have specific needs to survive and thrive. First and foremost, they need plenty of love and attention from their owners.

Q. Why Pomeranians are the worst dogs?

A. This is a highly controversial topic, as many people believe that Pomeranians are not the worst dogs. That said, there are a few reasons why some people may not like Pomeranians. First, Pomeranians can be yappy and vocal, which can be irritating to some people. They are also stubborn and difficult to train, which can be frustrating for owners. Additionally, Pomeranians are known for being high-maintenance when it comes to grooming and care. Finally, some people find that Pomeranians are too demanding and need too much attention.


Pomeranians are a loving and lively breed of dog that make great companions for many families. They are highly intelligent and thrive on human interaction, making them a great choice for those seeking a loyal and devoted pet. They do require regular grooming and exercise, but overall they are low maintenance and adaptable to different living situations. With proper training and socialization, Pomeranians can get along well with other pets and children. As with any dog breed, it’s important to thoroughly research and understand their needs before bringing one into your home. With love, care, and attention, a Pomeranian can make a wonderful addition to your family.

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